Masayuki Ida



Title: The History of Lisp standardization during 1984-1990



AbstractIn 1985, when the Common Lisp Group began its effort to convert itself into an official standards process in the USA,  there were already structures and processes in place for Lisp standardization within ISO. In other words, by the time X3J13 was formally created
in 1986, the destiny of Common Lisp at the international level was already fixed as a matter of fact. X3J13 efforts included technical and international activity, not an effort for the US policy alone. There is a perception that the Common Lisp Group, and later X3J13, excluded international participation, I believe this is not true. At the same time, X3J13 had roles as a technical group and as a political group supplying international representatives directly to
The introduction of CLOS in the middle of the standardization process was the source of failure and success both. The failure was that this caused the road map toward ISO defined in 1986 unusable. French government approached Japan in 1986 and asked them to join.
France had had a clear national goal and a more systematic approach to achieve it's goal than the US or Japan.  ISO is numbers. Europe has more. Japan cares the ISO stadard. X3J13 got involved more by the introduction of the discussion on the  Lisp1/Lisp2 issue.

 Similar story might happen for the people who get success in the technological inovation and try to make it as a widely used one on this globe, after they got over the entreprenourship bar.